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History And Culture Of Pakistan By Nigel Kelly Ebook 69 2021

richardson 2007 found that local names for plants were usually significantly more similar to those of their native range than to those of the closest nearest neighbor, and to the customs of their own neighbors (verifiable with google earth). in contrast, d'arcy 2002 found that popular names in the southwest were more similar to those of their nearest neighbor than to that of any place in their region, and this was particularly true for popularity among academics. d'arcy linked this with the fact that southwest is in a region with high altitude and warm dry climate; the names like malao and shiyou do go back to the mali and shi of the northwest (schultes and hofmann 1999). the oxford semantic root list kupperman et al. 2002 referred to above uses trees from southwest asia, from which people of the northwest (in and around the fertile crescent) adopted similar names such as wheat, beans, grape, apricot and plum. this syncretism (gift-giving) is also shown in that the ethnolinguistic associations of plants and trees can be largely consistent; i.e., cereal grains and millet are traditionally from northwest asia, and plants with berries and other fruit are especially typical of southwest asia (e.g., fig, peach, plum, pomegranate, cherry, etc., kang-yu in chinese) (richardson 2007; schultes and hofmann 1999). so most places in southwest asia are associated with plants, animals, and fruits.

History And Culture Of Pakistan By Nigel Kelly Ebook 69

in the case of the southeast, direct descent from india was likely for plants, since the tropical people of india were so similar to northeast china (huan et al. 2021). but sources did not seem to list some of these (e.g., plantain, soap-weed), perhaps because they came from southeast asia, or were introduced from india. direct descent of animals was less clear, e., wild boar came into china from the northeast (possibly via the lower yangtze valley, as in the northwest) but might have been introduced. the southeast was mostly unsuited to millet agriculture until very recently, being too wet for agriculture. it could be entirely moist forest or swampy forest, with ripe bamboo (fang, robert and qiu 2018).


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